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ING Bank Śląski S.A. Group has compiled the annual report in line with the best global practices of integrated reporting. To help readers use the interactive tools, we prepared a user guide with key features. We encourage you to watch a short animated video before reading the report.

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Integrated Annual Report
of ING Bank Śląski S.A. 2019

Liquidity and funding risk

ING Bank Śląski S.A. recognises the process of stable management of liquidity and funding risk as a major process at the Bank.

Liquidity and funding risk is understood by the Bank as the risk of the lack of ability to perform financial liabilities under on- and off-balance sheet items at reasonable prices.
The Bank maintains liquidity so that the Bank's financial liabilities can always be repaid with the available funds, inflows from maturing transactions, available funding sources at market prices and/or liquidation of negotiable assets.

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Liquidity and funding risk management process

In order to optimise the liquidity and funding risk management process, the Bank has developed the Management policy of liquidity and funding risk at ING Bank Śląski S.A. which sets forth the principles ensuring adequate funding sources and mitigation of risks and costs related to funding. The Policy describes a general approach to the liquidity and funding risk management process in the Bank. The core objective of the liquidity and funding risk management process is to maintain an adequate liquidity level to ensure secure and stable operation of the Bank in normal market conditions and in crisis.

The Policy was developed on the basis of the market management strategy in business, approved by the Supervisory Board (including the liquidity and funding risk management strategy). In particular, it reflects the risk appetite specified in the strategy and approved by the Supervisory Board.

Additionally, the Bank prepares a report on the ILAAP process. In a comprehensive and consistent manner, it presents the core indicators and numbers relating to the Bank's liquidity risk profile. It provides for the strategy, funding plan and risk tolerance by the Bank. The results of the report are approved by the Management Board which informs the Supervisory Board of the results.

The general approach to liquidity and funding risk management is composed of five recurring activities: 1) risk identification, 2) risk assessment, 3) risk control, 4) monitoring, and 5) reporting.

  • Risk identification and assessment. Risk identification is performed on an annual basis by organising risk identification workshops. Each identified risk is assessed in order to determine its materiality for the Bank. Risk identification is also performed when new products are launched. Risk valuation and its materiality are assessed in terms of likelihood of risk occurrence and the financial effects should such risk materialise.
  • Risks are controlled with actions that mitigate the likelihood or risk occurrence or with actions that mitigate the effects should such risk materialise. Important elements of risk management include ongoing verification if the implemented controls are performed. Definition of acceptable risk levels is an element of risk control. Regular inspection should evidence that risk control actions are effective. Adequate reporting is a major element of the liquidity and funding risk management process which provides the managers with information required for risk management.
  • Monitoring and reporting. Risk monitoring serves three important objectives: ongoing verification if the implemented risk control is performed; if risk control actions are effective. Such actions support their confidence which is a major element in banking. Well organised and designed regular controls or monitoring that are referred to as risk management are indispensable for correct risk management. Adequate reporting provides information to managers as is indispensable for risk management.
  • In accordance with PFSA’s resolution No. 386/2008 and Recommendation S, the Bank makes a detailed analysis of long-term liquidity with focus on mortgage loans. The above liquidity analysis shows risk levels related to long-term funding of mortgage loans.

The Bank pursues an active policy of liquidity management with reference to core currencies. For those currencies, liquidity risk measurement and limitation is made per currency and the management of operational liquidity is performed separately for each currency and it is incorporated in the risk transfer system.

Intraday liquidity is actively managed by the Group Treasury. The process manages the position and risk of short-term liquidity (one day and intraday). The objective is to comply with payment and settlement duties in a timely manner in regular operations and in extraordinary/stress situations.

The Bank operates a risk transfer system within which market risks, including liquidity risk, are transferred to the Group Treasury. Applying adequate tools, it manages the risks in a centralised manner within the limit system applied by the Bank.

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Risk types

The Bank splits liquidity risk into two groups:

  • liquidity risk resulting from external factors, and
  • risk of internal factors relating to the specific bank.

The Bank's objective is to apply a conservative approach to liquidity risk management to support safe survival of events that are specified to ING Bank Śląski S.A. and the entire banking sector.

In terms of time horizon, the Bank splits liquidity risk into:

  • operational – focused on current funding of the Bank’s position and on managing intraday liquidity,
  • strategic – focused on ensuring that the Bank’s structural liquidity positions are at an acceptable level.

Considering the tenor and customers’ behaviour (the two aspects affecting the Bank’s liquidity), the Bank identifies three types of liquidity and funding risk:

  • structural,
  • related to customers’ behaviour,
  • related to stress conditions.

More information on the structure and organization of the risk management process were presented in the Consolidated Financial Statement of ING Bank Śląski S.A. Group for the year 2019.

Framework risk management principles

The framework liquidity and funding risk management principles contain all material methods with respect to intraday, shorty-term, medium-term and long-term liquidity and funding risk management. This is made up of the following key elements:

  • limit system and liquidity risk measurement,
  • monitoring of funding sources and concentration risk,
  • liquidity reserve management,
  • management of intraday liquidity,
  • management of hedging items,
  • stress tests and contingency plans.

More information on the risk management framework were presented in the Consolidated Financial Statement of ING Bank Śląski S.A. Group for the year 2019.

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